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jouge nidanshiki teien@ã‰º“ñ’iŽ®’뉀
KEY WORD :@architecture / gardens
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Lit. upper-lower, two-step style garden. A modern term designating a common type of bipartite garden featuring a small pond in the lower section and a hill arranged with stones and plants in the upper section. The pond usually features several stones which create a visual tie to the hill area. Most of these gardens are meant to be viewed from a fixed point, usually seated inside a room or from a veranda; however, in some cases the hill section includes a path which allows for passage through the garden. This composite style appeared in the late Kamakura period as gardens emphasizing the vertical arrangement of rocks began to replace the large pond gardens of the Heian period. The style gained popularity in the Muromachi period, becoming the most common type of garden in the 17c. The jouge nidanshiki teien offers not only two kinds of scenery, but also is well suited for temples built at the base of a hill. Thus, this garden type is seen at temples built along the foothills of Kyoto (Touji-in “™Ž‰@, Nanzen-in “ì‘T‰@ at Nanzenji “ì‘TŽ›, Chishaku-in ’qÏ‰@ and Shouren-in Â˜@‰@) and in a majority of rural temples built all over Japan. Good examples from the Kamakura, Muromachi and Edo periods include Toukouji “ŒŒõŽ› in Yamanashi prefecture, Manpukuji –œ•ŸŽ› in Shimane prefecture, and Ryoutanji —´àKŽ› in Shizuoka prefecture.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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