@
jinjiro@wé
KEY WORD :@architecture / castles
@
Lit. camp fortress. A temporary fortification constructed on a battlefield or stopping-place by armies on the march, used during *Sengoku jidai í‘Žž‘ã. On flat land this was called hirajinjiro •½wé and in mountain areas yamajinjiro ŽRwé. The jinjiro was surrounded by a fence of sharp stakes *saku ò, and on flat land a moat *hori –x was dug and an embankment *doi “y‹ built with the earth from the moat. There was one main entrance and a hidden entrance at the back. Inside were the command headquarters *honjin –{w, soldiers quarters jinya w‰®, a kitchen, stables, a guardhouse bansho ”ԏŠ, a watch tower *seirou ˆä˜O and toilets. There were also sometimes shields standing in place, and entanglements rokusai Ž­Ô: defences made of felled trees with the boughs pointing outwards. Despite their temporary status, some jinjiro had towers *yagura ˜E and even walls with loopholes *sama ‹·ŠÔ. The jinjiro was generally a square shape, each side measuring between approximately 30m and 40m.
@
@
@

@
REFERENCES:
@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
ŒfÚ‚̃eƒLƒXƒgEŽÊ^EƒCƒ‰ƒXƒg‚ȂǁA‘S‚ẴRƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒc‚Ì–³’f•¡»E“]Ú‚ð‹Ö‚¶‚Ü‚·B
@