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jinguuji@_‹{Ž›
CATEGORY:@architecture / buildings & sturctures
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Also called jingoji _ŒμŽ›, jinguu-in _‹{‰@, jinganji _ŠθŽ›, miyadera ‹{Ž›, or bettouji •Κ“–Ž›. Buddhist temples that were established on the grounds of Shinto shrines. Jinguu _‹{ (palace of the Gods) refers to a Shinto shrine, while ji Ž› means a Buddhist temple.
From the Nara period to the Meiji period, there was a certain degree of amalgamation of Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples. The mixture of faiths became known as *honji suijaku –{’n‚q.
Since there are no extant remains of the original Buddhist temple buildings that were a part of the jinguuji plan, information is drawn from ancient drawings and old records. They show that there were several buildings that belonged to the temple, including a main hall called honjidou –{’n“°, a pagoda, priests' quarters called *betsu-in •Κ‰@, a 2-storied gate with a corridor attached. The main priest was called shasou ŽΠ‘m, a term which demonstrates his dual role: sha being a term Shito and sou a Buddhist priest. This arrangement flourished especially at Esoteric temples mikkyou jiin –§‹³Ž›‰@. Early known examples include: Kehi Jinguuji ‹C”δ_‹{Ž› constructed for Kehi Daijin ‹C”δ‘ε_ in Fukui prefecture by Fujiwara Muchimaro “‘Œ΄•’q–ƒ˜C (680-737), a vassal of Emperor Genshou Œ³³ (680-748); Kashima Jinguuji Ž­“‡_‹{Ž› originally built between 749-756 by the priest Mangan –žŠθ in Ibaraki prefecture; Mangan was also responsible for the construction of Tado Jinguuji ‘½“x_‹{Ž› (763) in Nara. Two rebuilt examples are Kamo Jinguuji Š›_‹{Ž› in Kyoto, and Kasuga Taisha Jinguuji t“ϊ‘εŽΠ_‹{Ž› in Nara.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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