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Jigoku dayuu @’n–‘¾•v
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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A famous courtesan of Sakai ä known for her relationship with the Daitokuji ‘å“¿Ž› priest *Ikkyuu ˆê‹x (1394-1481). She took the name Jigoku dayuu meaning Grand Courtesan of Hell, to contrast with the more angelic connotations of Hotoke gozen •§Œä‘O (Lady Buddha), consort of Taira no Kiyomori •½´· (1118-81). According to SAKAIKAGAMI ä‹¾ (Mirror of Sakai), the courtesan's fame was assured when Ikkyuu while visiting her, recited "More than hearing, seeing is a terrifying hell," to which she replied in linking verse "The living come, but even they fall." Jigoku dayuu is said to have studied meditation with Ikkyuu and eventually achieved enlightenment. The story of Jigoku dayuu and Ikkyuu was embellished by Santou Kyouden ŽR“Œ‹ž“` (1761-1816) in his woodblock print novel *yomihon “Ç–{, HONCHOU SUIBODAI ZENDEN –{’©Œ•ì’ñ‘S“` (Complete Accounts of Drunken Enlightenment in Our Country IV, 1809), on which most *ukiyo-e •‚¢ŠG depictions are based. Jigoku dayuu is shown alone or together with Ikkyuu and she often wears a padded formal over-robe *uchikake ‘ÅŠ|‚¯ decorated with scenes of hell. One type of illustration of Jigoku dayuu showing her, Ikkyuu and dancing skeletons, derives from the IKKYUU GAIKOTSU ˆê‹xŠ[œ (Ikkyuu's Skeletons), a prose piece on the vanity of life attributed to Ikkyuu. Notable examples include prints by Utagawa Kuniyoshi ‰Ìì‘–F (1797-1861) and a painting by Kawanabe Gyousai ‰Í“ç‹ÅÖ (1831-89).
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