@
Jie@ŽœŒb
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
@
Commonly known as Jie Daishi ŽœŒb‘åŽt or Great Master Jie.The posthumous name of Ryougen —ÇŒ¹ (912-85), abbot at Mt. Hiei ”ä‰b, reformer of the Tendai “V‘ä sect, and early supporter of Pure Land joudo ò“y Buddhism. Also known by the names Gansan Daishi Œ³ŽO‘åŽt, Tsuno Daishi Šp‘åŽt, and Mibyou Daishi Œä•_‘åŽt. Born in Oumi ‹ß] province (Shiga prefecture), he entered Mt. Hiei, the Tendai headquarters northeast of Kyoto, at age twelve. He became abbot in 966 and spent the next nineteen years overseeing the rebuilding of the temple complex, constructing new buildings and enhancing the power and prestige of the Tendai establishment. Ryougen secured imperial patronage and acquired a nationwide network of branch temples *betsuin •Ê‰@. He also reinforced monastic rules and the tradition of scholarship. A major figure in the lineage of Tendai patriarch Ennin ‰~m (794-864), Ryougen was in turn the teacher of the two seminal Pure Land theologians Genshin Œ¹M (942-1017) and Kakuun Šo‰^ (953-1007). When Ryougen's prayers for the recovery of Emperor Enyuu ‰~—Z (959-91) proved effective, he was granted the title of Daishi or Great Master. Because he was legendary for subjugating vengeful ghosts, many portrait sculptures were made of him. Well known examples include the statues at Genkouji Œ»ŒõŽ› (1218, Hyougo prefecture), and Manshuin – Žê‰@ (1268, Kyoto).
@
@

@
REFERENCES:
@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
ŒfÚ‚̃eƒLƒXƒgEŽÊ^EƒCƒ‰ƒXƒg‚ȂǁA‘S‚ẴRƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒc‚Ì–³’f•¡»E“]Ú‚ð‹Ö‚¶‚Ü‚·B
@