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jaki@Ž×‹S
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
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Sk: yaksa. Evil spirits believed to harm human beings and hinder Buddhist teaching. Usually appear in sculptures as small figures being crushed under the feet of *shitennou Žl“V‰¤. Early examples like those in Houryuuji –@—²Ž› Nara (6-7c) show the jaki crouching squarely on all fours supporting the statue. This posture changed in the Tenpyou period ; the jaki suffers an uncomfortable lying position, with the guardian king trampling his shoulder, back, stomach or head with both feet. Good examples are the 8c Shitennou in Toudaiji “Œ‘厛, Nara. The figure of *Tobatsu Bishamonten Š•æë”ù¹–å“V is sometimes shown with two jaki , Niranba “ò—•”k and Biranba ”ù—•”k, at his feet. These are exceptional, as they are usually considered to be benevolent demons. Examples can be seen under the *Bishamonten ”ù¹–å“V figure in Touj “ŒŽ› (Kyouougokokuji ‹³‰¤Œì‘Ž›), Kyoto ( 8-9c).
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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