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inpu@ˆσ•ˆ
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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A collection of seal impressions gathered into book form. Collections of Chinese seals from the Chou and Ch'in dynasties are called ko-inpu ŒΓˆσ•ˆ, kodou inpu ŒΓ“Ίˆσ•ˆ, or kandou inpu ŠΏ“Ίˆσ•ˆ. Ancient seal imprints collected in Japan are called yamato inpu ‘ε˜aˆσ•ˆ. In both cases, the imprints were collected for study and for appreciation. In the case where original seals are collected and imprints taken from them, the collections are called genkenbon Œ΄ξ¦–{, or jitsuouhon Žΐ‰Ÿ–{. These are the most valuable. In cases where the original seal is not available, other methods are: making an impression from a copy of the original seal, carving another seal from an impression on paper; or photographing the impression and publishing it as is. None of these methods is totally satisfactory, but are of some value. The oldest extant collection of seal impressions, the Senwa inpu ι˜aˆσ•ˆ, consists of four scrolls dating back to the Northern Song dynasty and is a valuable source of these ancient metal and stone engravings. Many inpu were published during the Song and Yuan dynasties, but most were lost, and it was not until the middle Ming period that interest in old seal impressions revived. In 1572, Wang Chang published the Shuuko inpu WŒΓˆσ•ˆ, which is the oldest available record of ancient Chinese seals today. In Japan, the oldest collection of seal impressions is the Honchou gain –{’©‰ζˆσ which is appended to the HONCHOU GASHI –{’©‰ζŽj, written in the 17c.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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