iji douzu 異時同図
KEY WORD : art history / paintings
A compositional method used to show successive events within a unified background, douzu 同図, capturing the same figure(s) in different actions overtime, iji 異時. A typical example is found in the scene of a boys' fight from the second scroll of "The Story of the Courtier Ban Dainagon" (Ban Dainagon ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞; ca. 1170; Idemitsu 出光 Museum, Tokyo). As the handscroll illustration unrolls, a man (the father) runs towards two boys grappling in a fight at the upper part of the scene. Below is a repeated depiction of the father, shown protecting his son by kicking off the other boy. Then at the upper left of the scene the embarassed mother pulls the same son by the hand to return home. Thus three successive events are skillfully depicted in a circular composition within one setting, established here by buildings and curious onlookers. This method vividly suggests the passage of time within one frame of an illustration and was sometimes, employed in picture scrolls, *emaki 絵巻 especially to depict action narrative.


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