|KEY WORD : art history / crafts|
|Iga 伊賀 ware. A stoneware ceramic made in Iga (now Maruhashira 丸柱 village), Mie prefecture and in a few nearby villages. The kiln had long produced utilitarian vessels but these were also used in tea ceremonies *chanoyu 茶湯, with the rise of *wabi わび taste under Sen Rikyuu 千利休 (1522 -91). The dark brown color produced through oxidation, rich surface textures created by extra-long firing,and distorted shape of the ware made it popular with tea enthusiasts. Tsutsui Sadatsugu 筒井定次 (1562-1615), daimyou 大名 of Iga from 1585 to 1608, comissioned the first igayaki for the tea ceremony, now called tsutsui-iIga 筒井伊賀. Wares made when the tea adept Lord Toudou Takatora 籐堂高虎 (1556-1630) took control are called toudou-iga 籐堂伊賀. Ko-iga 古伊賀 (old Iga) was made at kilns in Maruhashira and Makiyama 槙山. The Maruhashira kiln stopped production in about 1638. Typical Iga vessels are hanaike 花生 (flower vases) and *mizusashi 水指 (water jugs), *chawan 茶碗 (tea bowls), *kougou 香合 (incense container) , and *kensui 建水 (rinse-water container).|
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