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houkyouintou@•σ⟈σ“ƒ
CATEGORY:@architecture / buildings & structures
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Lit. Houkyouin pagoda. A type of pagoda (Sk: stupa) originally made as a repository for copies of the HOUKYOUIN DARANIKYOU •σ⟈σ‘Ι—…“ςŒo. In the Heian period houkyouintou were made of gilt bronze or wood, but by the Kamakura period these pagodas were usually made of stone and used as funerary markers. The distinctive rectangular shape of the houkyouintou has a low, rectangular foundation *kiso Šξ‘b, surmounted by a square body *toushin “ƒg, which often bears an image of the Buddha or a Sanskrit syllable. The top story or umbrella *kasa Š}, is a stepped pyramid with wing-like decoration at the four corners. Above this an inverted bowl shape *fukubachi •š”«, supports a ring of lotus petals *ukebana Žσ‰Τ; nine rings *kurin ‹γ—Φ, form the shaft *sourin ‘Š—Φ, which supports another lotus petal ring and finally, an onion-shaped form called a *houju •σŽμ. The parts from the fukubachi to the houju are all circular, the other members of the houkyouintou are square. The podium itself is sometimes decorated with a foliated form *kouzama Ši‹·ŠΤ, that resembles a side view of a molding, while the lower half resembles the outline of a bowl. The body of the pagoda has either carvings of the Buddha on each side or Sanskrit letters. However, undecorated pagoda bodies also exist. The stepped coping, may have moldings carved on the undersides. Examples: Houkyouintou (1259), Nara Arisatochou —L—’’¬; Enfukuji Houkyouintou ‰~•ŸŽ›•σβΈˆσ“ƒ (1296) Nara, Iinji Houkyouintou ˆΧˆφŽ›•σβΈˆσ“ƒ (1265), Kyoto.
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houkyouintou •σβŸˆσ“ƒFAn'youin ˆΐ—{‰@ (Kanagawa)

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