houkanbutsu 宝冠仏
KEY WORD : art history / sculptures
A statue of Buddha wearing a crown ornamented with precious stones. This tradition originated in India, first with crowned Buddha *nyorai 如来 statues, and later with bodhisattva *bosatsu 菩薩 that had a crown and a necklace. The form of the crown varied; it sometimes covered the whole head and sometimes only the front portion. In Japanese Esoteric Buddhism mikkyou 密教, *Dainichi 大日 appears with a crown, and some houkanbutsu representing *Amida 阿弥陀, and others reprenting the seated figure of *Shaka 釈迦 were occasionally produced.


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