|KEY WORD : art history / sculptures|
| A statue of Buddha wearing a crown ornamented
with precious stones. This tradition originated in India, first with crowned
Buddha *nyorai 如来 statues,
and later with bodhisattva *bosatsu
菩薩 that had a crown and a necklace. The form of the crown varied; it sometimes
covered the whole head and sometimes only the front portion. In Japanese
Esoteric Buddhism mikkyou 密教, *Dainichi 大日
appears with a crown, and some houkanbutsu representing *Amida
阿弥陀, and others reprenting the seated figure of *Shaka 釈迦 were occasionally produced.
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