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horadoko@
KEY WORD :@architecture / tea houses
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Lit. cave alcove. A cave-like entrance to a tea ceremony room, partially enclosed by a side wall. The side wall is called *sodekabe . Usually this type of alcove is about 120cm wide with an opening of 97-100cm. It does not have an alcove post *tokobashira , or finishing board, ochikake |, along the top of the valance wall. In these two points, especially, it differs from *murodoko . The front opening of the horadoko is arch-shaped, and it is plastered inside and out. The corner posts are also plastered. Exposed edges are sometimes plastered to form rounded corners hamaguriba [. A window with a hanging translucent screen kakeshoujimado |q, is on occasion made in the side wall to provide light for the darkest part of the cave alcove. The floor may be of two types: a plank floor which is level with the *tatami of the tea room *chashitsu , making a step-in alcove *fumikomidoko , or the alcove is raised a step by placing a facing board kamachidoko y, across the front. A peg is inserted in the center of the rear wall for hanging a scroll. Sometimes a peg for a flower vase is placed in the center of the alcove opening. Examples: Taimadera Naka-no-bou VV, in Nara; Ninnaji Hitoutei ma򓓒 in Kyoto; and Kanden'an c in Shimane prefecture.
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