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honmune-zukuri@–{“‘¢
KEY WORD :@architecture / folk dwellings
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A style of vernacular house *minka –¯‰Æ, found in Nagano prefecture, particularly in the central and southern parts, around Matsumoto ¼–{, Shiojiri ‰–K, Suwa z–K and Ina ˆÉ“ß. Used for the houses of commoners of high social status, such as village headmen, shouya ¯‰® or nanushi –¼Žå, it was predominately a rural style, but was occasionally used for inns *honjin –{w or the houses of wholesale merchants, ton'ya –≮. The major features of the style areF a main entrance *oodoguchi ‘åŒËŒû (and often an entrance hall *genkan ŒºŠÖ adjacent to it) set in a strikingly broad gable end beneath a shallowly pitched shingle and stone *ishioki itabuki Î’u”•˜, gabled roof *kirizuma yane ØÈ‰®ªG and, unusually for a farmhouse, an almost square plan of about 210 ‡u (8x8 *ken ŠÔj or larger. A central protruding lattice window degoushimado oŠiŽq‘‹ lighting a loft on the upper floor and a ridge ornament *suzumeodori —x‚è with sweeping wings on the roof above may be focal elements of the facade, which often has a wide peripheral area *hisashi ›ù appended, and sometimes a projecting reception room *zashiki À•~ on the upper *kamite ãŽè side. Internally the heart of the plan was a large room called *oue Œäã with more private family rooms to its rear and reception rooms in front of it. The earliest surviving examples date from the end of the 17c, but the style may have emerged earlier in the century, and it is possible that it was related to the military-class residences buke yashiki •‰Æ‰®•~ of this region.
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Horiuchi –x“à house (Nagano)
Horiuchi –x“à house (Nagano)

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NOTES
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