|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
beizonghua. The northern school of Chinese painting as opposed to the Southern
school of painting *nanshuuga
南宗画. A division advocated by Ming critic Dong Qichang (Jp: Tou Kishou 董其昌, 1555-1636)
in order to discriminate professional painters from literati artists. The academy
style painting *intaiga
院体画 associated with the Southern Song painters Ma Yuan (Jp: Ba En 馬遠, act. late 12c-early
13c) and Xia Guei (Jp: Ka Kei 夏珪, act. 1194-1224), which was revived in the Ming dynasty
by painters of the Zhe school Seppa 浙派. The vigorous brushwork typically seen
in the ax-cut strokes *fuhekishun
斧劈皴 and the diagonal or one corner composition *henkaku
no kei 辺角の景 are characteristics of the Northern school style. Hokushuuga
had a direct influence on the development of Japanese ink painting *suibokuga
水墨画 during the Muromachi and Momoyama periods.
|*kanga 漢画, *sansuiga 山水画|
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