hibukuro-zukuri 火袋造
KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings
A style of living room *chanoma 茶の間, found particularly in the taverns *hatagoya 旅篭屋 and tearooms chaya 茶屋 of Edo period post towns *shukubamachi 宿場町. The main living room, one of the central rooms of the raised living area kyoshitsubu 居室部, was extended up through two stories to the underside of the roof. This was known as a hibukuro 火袋. The upper part of this deep space fukinuke 吹抜け, was largely enclosed by panels of plastered wall, but either the roof or gable had an opening called *kemuridashi 煙出 for smoke to escape from the open hearth *irori 囲炉裏. This opening also served as a source of illumination for a room otherwise windowless and dependent on adjacent spaces for light. Often one or more ladders, hashigo 梯子, from the living room gave access via the single sliding doors *katabikido 片引戸 to guest rooms on the upper floor


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