henushi 戸主
KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings
1 Also pronounced koshu. The head of a household, responsible to the state for the behaviour of household members, and for the payment of the taxes levied on the household as a unit. A significant part of the system of law codes ritsuryou 律令, which was first developed in the Nara period.

2 The name given to 1/32nd of the urban block chou 町 (see *machi ) in Heijoukyou 平城京 and Heiankyou 平安京. Each henushi measured 5 *jou 丈 (15.15m) north to south, and 10 jou (30.30m) east to west. They were arranged in four rows of eight plots, under the system known as shigyou hachimon 四行八門 system. Originally, the henushi was the smallest allotment awarded to an individual household in the capital. The term survived until the Kamakura period, but the henushi progressively lost its standard size and dimensions, through divided inheritance, sale and purchase.


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