|heichi juukyo 平地住居|
|KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings|
| A type of house in which the floor is level with
the surface of the ground, rather than excavated into it like a pit-dwelling *tateana
juukyo 竪穴住居, or raised above it like an elevated dwelling takayuka
juukyo 高床住居. Archaeological research indicates that this type of floor has
existed in Japan since the Joumon period. Heichi juukyo with
peripheral walls, rather than a roof extending to the ground, appear to have become
common in western Japan during the course of the Kofun period, superseding
pit-dwellings. They gradually became dominant in the east and north too during
the Heian and early mediaeval periods.
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