|HASSHU GAFU 八種画譜|
|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
| Ch: BAZHONG HUAPU. Primer on Eight Varieties
of Painting, a compilation of eight texts on poetry and painting published in
China between 1621-28. Reprinted in Japan in 1672 and again in 1710 HASSHU
GAFU was extremely popular with Japanese scholars and painters, particularly
those of the *nanga 南画 lineage.
The eight sections, each with a preface by a different Chinese literatus, are:
Tang wuyanshi huapu (Jp: TOUGOGONSHI GAFU 唐五言詩画譜), Paintings of Tang poems
of Five-word Lines, with 50 poems and illustration; Liuyan tangshi huapu
(Jp: ROKUGONTOUSHI GAFU 六言唐詩画譜), Paintings of Six-word Lines of Tang Poetry, with
49 illustrations and 50 poems; Qiyan tangshi huapu (Jp: SHICHIGONTOUSHI
GAFU 七言唐詩画譜), Paintings of Seven-word Lines of Tang Poetry, with 36 illustration
and 49 poems; Caoben huashipu (Jp: SOUHONKA SHIFU 草本花詩譜), Poems and Paintings
of Flowering Plants, with 44 illustrations and 45 poems; Muben hua'niaopu
(Jp: MOKUHON KACHOUFU 木本花鳥譜), "Trees, Flowers and Birds," with 44 illustrations;
Tangjie yuanfang gujin huapu (Jp: TOUKAI GENHOU GAFU 唐解元倣古今画譜), Old and New
Paintings after the Tang and Yuan, with 47 illustrations; Zhang Baiyun xuan minggong
shuapu (Jp: CHOU HAKUUN-SEN MEIKOU SENPU 張白雲選名公扇譜), Zhang Baiyun's Selection
of Famous Paintings on Fans, with 48 illustrations; and, Meizhulanju sipu
(Jp: BAICHIKURANKIKU SHIFU 梅竹蘭菊四譜), Plums, Bamboo, Orchids, and Chrysanthemums. Containing
hundreds of illustrations with varied subjects and styles, HASSHU GAFU
was the first great pictorial source on Chinese painting for Japanese artists.
Early nanga painters such as Gion Nankai 祇園南海 (1677-1751), Yanagisawa Kien
柳沢淇園 (1706-58), and Ike no Taiga 池大雅 (1723-76) were all familiar with the book,
copying both compositions and techniques from it. After several decades of great
importance in the late 17c and early 18c, by the middle of the century HASSHU
GAFU was largely replaced by *KAISHIEN
GADEN 芥子園画伝 (Mustard Seed Garden Manual of Painting) as the preeminent
Japanese source on Chinese painting.
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