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hakkaku endou@p~
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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Lit. eight-sided circular. An octagonal circular hall *hakkakudou p, derived form a combination of an original circular hall *endou ~, and the more easily constructed eight or six-sided halls *rokkaku endou Zp~.@An example of a hall that is really octagonal at the core and is called is the Saijou Daigenguu ֏ꑾ{ at Yoshida Jinja gc_ (1601) in Kyoto. It is the chief structure and is unique. A hexagonal one-bay addition extends from the rear and there is a single-bay worship space *kouhai q. There is also an open step-canopy with a pent roof *hisashi , supported by two square posts at the eave ends. The pentagonal posts form the octagon and hexagonal extension at the rear. Eight circular posts surround the central core. A shallow veranda *engawa , with a railing called a hanedashi kouran o surrounds the building except where steps are located at the front and at the center of both sides. Beneath the building is a *kamebara T, a turtle-back-shaped mound covered with white plaster. The roof is a thatched *kayabuki , hip-and -gable type *irimoya yane ꉮ, which is an unusual style for an octagonal hall. The finials *chigi , are extensions of the bargeborards. The upper ends of the finials on the front side of the bargeboards are cut straight across while those at the rear are cut vertically. The former symbolize female deities while the latter symbolize male deities. The billets *katsuogi are round and grouped in threes, with two set side by side and one placed on top.

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