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hagiyaki@”‹Ä
CATEGORY:@art history / crafts
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Hagi ware. A general name for pottery made in the Matsumoto ¼–{ area of western Hagi City and in Nagato Fukawa ’·–å[ì in present-day Yamaguchi prefecture The kilns were sponsored by Mouri Terumoto –Ñ—˜‹PŒ³(1553-1625) who brought the Korean potter brothers Yi Kyong (Jp: Li Kei —›Œh) and Yi Chak-kwang (Jp: Li Shakkou —›ŽÙŒõ) to Hagi, the new clan seat in 1604. Reflecting the simple tea taste sought by the Mouri patrons, hagiyaki, especially teabowls, recall Korean Ido ˆäŒË ware. The 1717 discovery of the daidoutsuchi ‘哹“y clay, which produced subtle changes in color and texture during pine-fueled firing, was instrumental in the development of hagiyaki; when mixed with the more fire-resistant mitaketsuchi ‹à•õ“y clay, the changes multiplied. Hagi pots are very rarely decorated with painted motifs, but rely on wood-ash glazes like isabaiyuu ˜mŠDçÖ, or a straw-ash glaze shirohagigusuri ”’”‹çÖ, to create a lightly colored surface. The muted qualities of Hagi ware evolve with use because the clay absorbs some of the liquid in a process called chanare ’ƒŠµ or hagi-no-nanabake ”‹‚ÌŽµ‰»‚¯ (the seven changes in Hagi). A wedge was often cut into the foot of the bowl. Purposely damaging goods was a formalized gimmick to allow potters to sell to commoners when hagiyaki was reserved for the upper class. Tea bowls, flower vases and sake vessels are the most common Hagi ware.
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