| The eight
basic ways of positioning a hearth *ro
炉, in a tea ceremony room *chashitsu 茶室. They include: *yojouhangiri
四畳半切 (a hearth cut in a half-size mat), *daimegiri
台目切 (a hearth cut in a small-size mat), these two are called *dero
出炉 meaning a hearth set outside the host's mat ; *mukougiri
向切 (a hearth cut inside the host's mat) and *sumiro
隅炉 (a hearth cut in the host's mat but in the corner of the room). The latter
two are called *iriro
入炉. These four arrangements can be placed in a normal position *hongatte
本勝手, with the hearth on the left side, the host's place in front of it and
guests on the host's right, or in a reverse position *gyakugatte
逆勝手, with the hearth on the right and the guests to the left of the host.
Not all eight positions are widely used however. Generally, the normal positions
are used more often, while those in the reverse position are rarely used.