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hachimae-no-ishigumi@”«‘O‚̐Αg
KEY WORD :@architecture / gardens
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A wash-stand placed near a veranda, or in the corner of an open veranda shoin zashiki ‘‰@À•~, or in the chief priest's quarters *houjou •ûä. Hachimae-no-ishigumi includes a water basin *chouzubachi Žè…”«, a platform stone dai-ishi ‘äÎ, a squat stone *kagami-ishi ‹¾Î, a purification stone *shoujouseki ´òÎ, a water ladling stone *mizukumi-ishi …‹‚Î or *mizuage-ishi …—gÎ, and a water gate suimon …–å. It was used either for ordinary hand washing or for washing hands at a tea ceremony. Usually the hachimae ”«‘O is placed on a pedestal while the wash basin *tsukubai çLæõ, is set so that the bottom is buried in the ground. The number of stones surrounding the chouzubachi style hachimae may vary. Usually a tall basin is used for hachimae, but when a low one is used a high pedestal goes with it. The form of hachimae, however, was completed around the first half of the Edo period. The form was fairly free at that time, but after the mid-Edo period, its style was set. It was then that an ornamental wash stand *kazarihachimae ü”«‘O also appeared.
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