|KEY WORD :@art history / iconography|
| Abbreviation of Tenryuu hachibushuu V³ͺO. Eight classes of Indian deities who
were converted by *Shaka ίή and came to be considered protectors of the Dharma. They appear in many
texts, including the Lotus Sutra HOKEKYOU @Ψo, and are named as follows:
*ten V (Sk; deva), Ryuuou ΄€ (Sk; Naga, see *ryuu ΄), *Yasha ι³ (Sk; Yaksa), *Kendatsuba £θk (Sk; Gandharva), *Ashura ’C
Asura), *Karura ήO
(Sk; Garuda), Kinnara Ωί
(Sk; Kimnara), and Magoraga
Ύ (Sk; Mahoraga). The names are not fixed, and an individual deity may
sometimes represent their class. The most famous set in Japan was made of
dry lacquer in 734 and once accompanied an image of Shaka. There is also
a set of sculptures of Shaka's disciples in Koufukuji », Nara.
Temple tradition gives their names as Gobujou άς for the ten, Shagara
or Sakara ΉγΉ
for the ryuu, Kubanda ΅ΟδΆ for the Yasha, Kendatsuba, Ashura, Kinnara, and Hibakara Lkή
, probably for the Magoraga.
The hachibushuu usually appear amidst groups, such as the group of
figures surrounding Shaka in paintings of his death *nehan-zu ΈΟ}. They were shown as a distinct group only in the Nara period.
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