|KEY WORD : art history / iconography|
| Ch: Wuzu.
The Chinese priest Kounin 弘忍 (Ch: Hongren, 601-75). The fifth patriarch
of the Zen (Ch: Chan) sect. Representations of the fifth patriarch fall
into three types. First are conventionalized priest portraits *chinsou
頂相, *Zenshuu soshizou
禅宗祖師像. Second are illustrations of the fifth patriarch as a child in a previous
existence, together with his mother, meeting and engaging the fourth patriarch
in a Zen dialogue. Third are paintings of him, also in a previous life,
as a monk on Mt. Potou 破頭 where he spent his time planting pines. This last
theme was particularly popular in Japan from the 15c where it is known as
the fifth patriarch with yoke and spade, Goso kajo 五祖荷鋤.
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