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gomadou@
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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Small buildings at Buddhist temples of Shingon ^ and Tendai V sects, used especially for Esoteric Buddhism mikkyou and for the performances of the burnt-offering goma 얀 ceremonies. The firewood is called gomagi 얀. The ceremony, itself is called the external fire ceremon, gegoma O얀. The fire, the deity and the worshippers whose actions of body, mouth and mind must be pure in order to destroy evil. If the worshipper is only meditating on the ceremony as a mental exercise, it is called an internal fire-ceremony, naigoma 얀, which also symbolizes the internal fire of evil passions that must be destroyed by wisdom. The ritual is derived from the ancient Brahmanic belief that offering fire to the gods results in great benefits for mankind. Most gomadou are three-bay squares, measuring 46m. The interior consists only of simple, empty space except for an altar attached to the rear wall at the center bay, and shelves stretch from it to the corners. An exception is found in the earliest extant Gomadou (13c) at Ishideji Ύ莛, Ehime prefecture, where it is free-standing, about 1/2-bay forward from the rear wall. Either a statue of *Fudou Myouou s, or one of *Aizen Myouou , are placed at the back of the altar. There are a number of examples.

1@Kakurinji ߗю Gomadou (1563), Hyougo preference. The roof does not have bracket complexes. It has single eaves *hitonoki ꌬ closely spaced rafters *shigedaruki ɐ a hip-and-gable roof *irimoya-zukuri ꉮ, covered with tile *hongawarabuki {. The interior reveals some elements of the daibutsu style *daibutsuyou 啧l, and has lobster beams *ebikouryou CV.

2@Choumeiji Gomadou (1606), Shiga prefecture, has a single eave, widely spaced rafters *mabaradaruki a, and pyramidal roof *hougyou-zukuri ` covered with cypress bark *hiwadabuki O畘. The interior has rainbow beams *kouryou , and over the center bay is a coved ceiling *oriage tenjou ܏V, and open-beam ceilings *keshou yaneura ω, over all the other bays.

3@Natadera ߒJ Gomadou (1640), Ishikawa prefecture, has a more elaborate than usual which includes a hip-and-gable roof covered with cypress bark roofing, closely spaced rafters, a step canopy *kouhai q , the width of the center bay with five steps to the veranda, windows filled with vertical slats, and doors paneled with top sections haveing vertical slats. On the exterior there is a large amount of carved decoration.

4@The Gomadou at Sanbouin O@ (Edo period), Kyoto, is larger than usual being 5 x 3 bays with a tiled, hip-and-gable roof. It is assumed that this building was constructed for another purpose originally. However, as Gomadou is encircled by plank walls to give it a closed and remote character. The inside has only the goma altar and a Buddhist statue. None of the gomadou have adequate means for dissipating smoke.
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