|KEY WORD : art history / iconography|
| Sk; kalpa. Regulations prescribing Esoteric Buddhist mikkyou 密教 ceremonies, incantations
and services, and the iconography and standards to be used to make Buddhist
statues and paintings. The documents recording these regulations are also
known as giki. Sutras, kyouten 教典 and giki are collectively
known as kyouki 経軌. Many giki used in Japan were brought from
Tang China in the 9c by Saichou 最澄 (767-822), *Kuukai 空海 (774-835) and other
scholar priests. They were passed down by priests to their disciples, but
were not published or widely distributed until the mid-Edo period.
The TAISHOUDAIZOUGYOU 大正台蔵経, a hundred volume work edited from 1924-34
by Takakusu Junjirou 高楠順次郎 (1866-1945), contains a large collection of giki
as well as sutras and other Buddhist writings.
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