giki 儀軌
KEY WORD : art history / iconography
Sk; kalpa. Regulations prescribing Esoteric Buddhist mikkyou 密教 ceremonies, incantations and services, and the iconography and standards to be used to make Buddhist statues and paintings. The documents recording these regulations are also known as giki. Sutras, kyouten 教典 and giki are collectively known as kyouki 経軌. Many giki used in Japan were brought from Tang China in the 9c by Saichou 最澄 (767-822), *Kuukai 空海 (774-835) and other scholar priests. They were passed down by priests to their disciples, but were not published or widely distributed until the mid-Edo period. The TAISHOUDAIZOUGYOU 大正台蔵経, a hundred volume work edited from 1924-34 by Takakusu Junjirou 高楠順次郎 (1866-1945), contains a large collection of giki as well as sutras and other Buddhist writings.


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