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ganryou@Šç—¿
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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1@Pigment. Powdered colours used in oriental painting. Insoluble in water and most other liquid media. Usually mixed with animal glue *nikawa äP as a binder *baizai ”}Ü to make a paint. Ganryou are opaque, durable and relatively resistant to fading. The term ganryou is used in contrast to senryou õ—¿, which refers to translucent soluble dyes. Senryou and ganryou are collectively known as *shikiryou F—¿. Ganryou are divided into organic pigments *yuuki ganryou —L‹@Šç—¿ and inorganic pigments *muki ganryou –³‹@Šç—¿, both of which can be synthetically produced or made from naturally occurring materials. Many pigments used in Japan are so-called *iwa-enogu ŠâŠG‹ï made from minerals koubutsu z•¨, and doro-enogu “DŠG‹ï made from earth materials, doshitsu zairyou “yŽ¿Þ—¿. The most important ganryou include the white pigments *hakudo ”’“y and *gofun ŒÓ•², red *shu Žé, orange *tan ’O, yellow ochre *oudo ‰©“y, green *rokushou —ΐÂ, brown *taisha ‘ãæÞ, and blue *gunjou ŒQÂ. Pigments are not usually mixed, but variations in tone can be achieved by grinding down the powder; finer grains give a lighter shade. Sometimes a fixative is used to bind an insoluble substance such as powdered metal to a soluble dye, producing a lake pigment, reiki ganryou ƒŒ[ƒLŠç—¿ such as red madder lake, mada reiki ƒ}ƒ_ ƒŒ[ƒL.

2@As *enogu ŠG‹ï. Ganryou is sometimes used to refer to any type of colouring matter.
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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