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fushikizou@ß–Ø‘
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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Lit. knotted zou. A noh mask *noumen ”\–Ê, representing a mature young woman. A mere suggestion of a smile lingers on the lips of this beautiful mask with high forehead (not as broad as *koomote ¬–Ê or *magojirou ‘·ŽŸ˜Y), and smooth cheeks. The oval outlines of the face and wide-set eyes, high eyebrows and hair style (two loose strands eminating at the part and pulled back above the eyebrows where three new strands begin to fall down along the side of the cheek, and three extra strands loop across the juncture) are almost identical to the features of a young woman's mask *wakaonna Žá—, used by the Kanze ŠÏ¢ school. Fushikizou has a joyous sobriety, the horizontal brush strokes of the final coat of white-wash *gofun ŒÓ•² lending the mask a reserved and dignified expression. A resin stain from a knot in the wood at the nose bridge forms the identifying feature of the original mask and inspires its name. This blemish is often simulated in copies of the mask.
This original is said to have been carved by Zouami Hisatsugu ‘ˆ¢–í‹vŽŸ, a prominant actor belonging to the Oumi Sarugaku ‹ß]\Šy group of the late 14c, early 15c who was admired by Zeami Motokiyo ¢ˆ¢–팳´ (1363-1443) for his graceful dancing. The Houshou •ó¶ school uses fushikizou as their standard mask for young woman protagonists, shite ƒVƒe in such plays as NONOMIYA –ì‹{ (The Shrine in the Fields), *IZUTSU@ˆä“› (The Well), EGUCHI ]Œû (The River Mouth), or YOU KIHI —k‹M”Ü (Yang Gui-fei). Other schools may use fushikizou as a substitute for zou ‘ in roles of angles or devine women.
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NOTES
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