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Fukko yamato-eha@•œŒΓ‘ε˜aŠG”h
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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A later era appellation given to a group of artists from the late Edo period who consciously attempted revive the past *yamoto-e ‚β‚ά‚ΖŠG. tradition of the Heian and Kamakura periods. Most of the members of this group studied with contemporary Tosa or Sumiyoshi school artists *Tosaha “y²”h or *Sumiyoshiha Z‹g”h, considered retainers of traditional style paining, and then broke from this style. Dissatisfied with the mannerism characteristic of their teachers' yamato-e style works, they consciously strove to create their own revivalism by copying ancient models or by strictly adhering to old styles. The Fukko yamato-eha artists were closely connected to a political movement which sought to revive the power of the Emperor and their loyalism to him often resulted in accusations against them of subversive activities.
The leader of this movement, Tanaka Totsugen “c’†ζcŒΎ (1767?-1823), initially trained with Tosa arists but soon grew dissatisfied, and began to advocate a more direct revival through copying ancient scrolls such as the handscrolls of The story of The Courtier Ban Dainagon Ban Dainagon ekotoba ”Ί‘ε”[ŒΎŠGŽŒ (Idemitsu oŒυ Museum of Art, Tokyo). One of his well-known works is a pair of two folding screens for The Hundred Flowers and Grasses Hyakka Hyakusou-zu •S‰Τ•S‘} (Tokugawa “Ώμ Museum, Aichi prefecture), which is influenced by the *Rinpa —Τ”h painting. Ukita Ikkei •‚“cˆκξ~ (1795-1859) was a faithful disciple of Totsugen and adhered to the yamato-e revival. He became active in a movement to restore the Emperor, was arrested, and died soon after his release. One of the works he has left is a parody based on the famous Kamakura period handscrolls of The Kasuga Gongen Miracles@Kasuga Gongen kenki emaki t“ϊŒ Œ»Œ±‹LŠGŠͺ, The Konkai Zoushi ₯‰φ‘Žq scroll in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Okada Tamechika ‰ͺ“cˆΧ‹± (also known as Reizei —βς Tamechika; 1823 -64) was the most talented and well-known member of this school. Although he was born to the Kyoto Kanou family *Kyouganou ‹žŽλ–μ, he loved ancient yamato-e and formed an allegiance to Totsugen. He copied a large number of masterpieces from the Heian and Kamakura periods including the 48 handscrolls of The Priest Hounen Hounen Shounin eden –@‘RγlŠG“` (.Chion-in ’m‰Ά‰@, Kyoto) One of his well-known works is the screen paintings of figures enjoying ancient play in landscape setting at Daijuji ‘εŽχŽ›, Aichi prefecture. He was involved in the political movement and was assassinated.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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