@
Fuke@•‰»
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
@
Ch: Puhua. An itinerant priest of the Tang dynasty depicted in paintings as wandering the streets of Zhenzhou ’ÁB in a state of feigned or near madness while ringing a bell. Little is known of Puhua's place of birth or background, but he is said to have achieved sudden enlightenment upon hearing the ringing of a bell. Even after his death, probably in the mid-9c, legend claims that the residents of Zhenzhou could still hear Puhua's bell. Puhua's dialogues with the Zen patriarch Linji (Jp: *Rinzai —ՍÏ) are recorded in Linjilu (Jp: RINZAIROKU —ՍϘ\ ; The Records of Linji) and other sources. Puhua is credited with founding one sect of Zen Buddhism which, at least in later times, believed in playing the bamboo clarinet shakuhachi ŽÚ”ª as a spiritual discipline. Supposedly Puhua's chanting led to the creation of the shakuhachi piece kyotaku ‹•‘ö or empty bell, and this association with the shakuhachi may have contributed to his popularity as a painting subject in Japan. Extant paintings of Puhua include works by the Southern Song artists Liang Kai (Jp: Ryou Kai —Àž², act.1201-4) and Muqi (Jp: Mokkei –qæ®, late 13c) as well as ink monochrome works by Japanese artists of the Muromachi and Momoyama periods, including Shoukadou Shoujou ¼‰Ô“°ºæ (1584-1634).
@
@@

@
REFERENCES:
@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
ŒfÚ‚̃eƒLƒXƒgEŽÊ^EƒCƒ‰ƒXƒg‚ȂǁA‘S‚ẴRƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒc‚Ì–³’f•¡»E“]Ú‚ð‹Ö‚¶‚Ü‚·B
@