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fukai@[ˆä
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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Deep. A noh mask *noumen ”\–Ê, representing a middle-aged woman torn by separation from a loved one, either man or child. Gentle and mature, fukai's face is filled with a melancholy that comes from experience and feeling. The features are deep-cut, with crevices along the lower cheeks and deep-set eyes with heavy eyelids and drooping corners. The well-modulated lips neither smile nor frown. The fleshy face has a protruding forehead and chin, creating a slightly concave silhouette. The hairline is the same as *wakaonna Žá—. The writings of Zeami Motokiyo ¢ˆ¢–팳´ (1363-1443) mention a fine Fukai by the carver Echi ‰z’q, possibly the very same as a Muromachi period mask presently owned by the Kanze ŠÏ¢ family. Fukai is the standard Kanze school mask for roles of mothers who have their child in plays like *SUMIDAGAWAI ‹÷“cì (Sumida River) or FUJITO “¡ŒË, or wives separated from their husbands, in plays like KINUTA ‹m, The Fulling Block, or other middle-aged woman roles, like the mountain woman in the first act of *YAMAUBA ŽR‰W. Fukai masks come in a spectrum of ages, the oldest being labeled yuki no fukai (snow) á‚̐[ˆä, the next tsuki no fukai (moon) ŒŽ‚̐[ˆä, and the yougest hana no fukai (flower) ‰Ô‚̐[ˆä. The Houshou •ó¶ school has a special variation asai (shallow) óˆä.
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