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Fuji mandara@•xŽm™ΦδΆ—…
CATEGORY:@art history / iconography
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Devotional paintings of Mt. Fuji •xŽm in a large hanging scroll format. Usually they are in the form of@sankei mandara ŽQŒw™ΦδΆ—…, which show pilgrims's activities at shrines and temples in the mountain landscape. Fuji mandara show the mountain dominating the painting space. At the bottom of the painting is Miho no Matsubara ŽO•Ϋ‚̏ΌŒ΄, the spit of land that stretches across the Suruga x‰Ν Bay with pilgrims arriving by boat. Various rituals performed at the foot of the mountain are shown, as is the pilgrims's ascent to the peak. From the 14c Mt. Fuji often was shown as having three peaks, as were other sacred mountains in devotional art. Some paintings show a deity on each peak. The mountain's main shrine, Asama Jinja σŠΤ_ŽΠ (more commonly pronounced Sengen Jinja) was founded in the early 9c at Fuji-no-miya •xŽm‹{, Shizuoka prefecture and dedicated to a Shinto God named Konohana sakuya hime –؉ԍη–λ•P. However, the names of the shrine and the deity are conflated as is usual in Buddhism: thus it was called Asama Daibosatsu σŠΤ‘ε•μŽF (also read as Sengen Daibosatsu, which can in turn be written εŒ³‘ε•μŽF), Asama Daimyoujin σŠΤ‘ε–Ύ_, and Fuji Gongen •xŽmŒ Œ». By late 9c, some pilgrims practiced asceticism on the slopes of Mt. Fuji, and in the mid 12c a chapel to *Dainichi ‘ε“ϊ was built on the summit by the founder of the mountain's shugendou CŒ±“Ή (the ascetic religious order). Dainichi's successors flourished and the mountain became a center of popular pilgrimage in the Kamakura and Muromachi periods. In the Edo period, the Fuji cult was further stimulated by the practice of Kakugyou Šps (1541-1646) and Jikigyou Hs (1671-1733), priests who considered the mountain a source of peace and prosperity and who taught a simple, popular faith. Devotional Fuji confraternities Fujikou •xŽmu also spread to Edo and to surrounding provinces, where many believed the mountain would become the paradise of the future Buddha *Miroku –νθΣ, who in turm would create an age of prosperity and justice. Fuji mandara were used for the diffusion of the Fuji cult, showing the area as a destination for religious pilgrimage, as well as a memento of the famous spot. Extant examples date from the late Muromachi period.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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