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engetsukyou@‰~ŒŽ‹´
KEY WORD :@architecture / gardens
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Lit. full moon bridge. A semi-circular garden bridge that, when reflected in the water below, presents the circular appearance of the full moon. Sometimes the characters ˜îŒŽ‹´ (half moon bridge) are used to indicate the semi-circular shape of the bridge. An engetsukyou may be built of stone or wood, but in either case because of the difficulty of crossing over them, they usually have handrails and steps. The style, introduced from China, was utilized in Heian period, shinden style gardens *shinden-zukuri teien Q“a‘¢’뉀 and resurrected in Edo period pond stroll gardens *chisen kaiyuushiki teien ’rò‰ñ—VŽ®’뉀. When two arches are employed, it is called a meganebashi Šá‹¾‹´ (spectacles bridge). A good example is found at Koishikawa Kourakuen ¬ÎìŒãŠy‰€, Tokyo.
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Koishikawa Kourakuen ¬ÎìŒãŠy‰€ (Tokyo)

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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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