|KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures|
circular hall. Although the literal meaning of endou is round structure
(see *hougyou-zukuri σ`’),
in reality there are no full sized, truly circular halls at Buddhist temples or
Shinto Shines still extant. There is a type of miniature pagoda that is truly
circular which may suggest that circular structures did exist at some ancient
time. See *houtou σ. Hexagonal
halls *rokkaku endou
Zp~°, exist but are far fewer than octagonal halls *hakkaku
endou ͺp~°. Since the roofs of these halls are pyramidal, the roof of
the hexagonal building is called a six segment roof *rokuchuu-zukuri
Z’, and the roof over an octagonal structure is called an eight segment roof
ͺ’. These halls are often placed on double stone podia. Entrances are placed
opposite each other and vertical muntin windows are set in four of the segments.
Eizanji hR has only four central pillars that mark the sacred area on the interior
while other octagonal halls usually have eight interior pillars. Such buildings
are generally dedicated to a particular deity to whom prayers are offered for
Examples; Eizanji *Hakkakudou hRͺp° (757-64), Nara. Choukouji *Jizoudou ·υn ° (1510), Aichi prefecture.
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