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eiri kyoukabon@ŠG“ü‹¶‰Ì–{
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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Illustrated Edo period woodblock printed books containing humorous poems known as kyouka ‹¶‰Ì. Early examples include the 1679 KOKON KYOUKASEN ŒÃ¡‹¶‰Ìå, compiled by Aikou Ken ˆ¤Œ¬ and published in Kyoto, and the 1681 BOKUYOU KYOUKASHUU–m—{‹¶‰ÌW, written by Nakarai Bokuyou ”¼ˆä–m—{ (1607-78), with illustrations by Hishikawa Moronobu •HìŽté (c. 1618-94). Kyouka became very popular in Edo during the Tenmei “V–¾ era (1781-89) and continued to be popular among both townsmen and samurai. Kitagawa Utamaro Šì‘½ì‰Ì–› (1753-1806) and other prominent *ukiyo-e •‚¢ŠG masters produced eiri kyoukabon, and many finely produced, multi-colored versions were turned out by the publisher Tsutaya Juuzaburou ’Ó‰®dŽO˜Y (1750-97). The finest eiri kyoukabon were produced during the Tenmei and Kansei Š°­ eras (1781-1801). An early example is the AZUMABURI KYOUKA BUNKO ŒáÈ‹È‹¶‰Ì•¶ŒÉ, complied by Yadoya Meshimori h‰®”ѐ· and published in 1786.
Just after the turn of century, the painter and print designer Katsushika Hokusai Š‹ü–kÖ (1760-1849) produced a type of design where the kyouka runs as an inscription at the top of the picture, rather than the previous style in which the picture held a prominent position with the kyouka following. This style of composition by Hokusai is more properly called kyouka ehon ‹¶‰ÌŠG–{. At the end of the Edo period, eiri kyoukabon were still being produced in great numbers, but with light coloring in contrast to the richly colored works of the earlier period.
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NOTES
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