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Eguchi no kimi@]Œû‚ÌŒN
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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The name of a courtesan from the Eguchi ]Œû area of northern Settsu Û’à (now Osaka) immortalized in the biography of the priest Saigyou ¼s (1118-1190 ; see *saigyou monogatari-e ¼s•¨ŒêŠG) and the subject of a *nou ”\ play. On his way to Tennouji “V‰¤Ž›, Saigyou stops at an inn in the brothel district of Eguchi. His request for a room is refused by the mistress of the house and Saigyou responds with a poem arguing that because he, as a priest, has "given up" the world, she should "give up" a room for him. The courtesan counters with a poem suggesting that as a monk Saigyou is not attached to the world and thus should not become attached to her inn. This exchange of poems replete with sexual and religious innuendo is the basis for the nou play EGUCHI ]Œû by Kan'ami ŠÏˆ¢–í (1333-84) in which the courtesan Eguchi is a manifestation of *Fugen •Œ«. In painting Eguchi is usually represented sitting on a white elephant, the vehicle of Fugen; the priest Saigyou is sometimes included in the scene. A silk hanging-scroll by Maruyama Oukyo ‰~ŽR‰ž‹“ (1733-95), in the Seikadou Bunko Ã‰Ã“°•¶ŒÉ Art Museum, Tokyo, is an example of the theme, which was also popular with *ukiyo-e •‚¢ŠG artists.
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