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Doujikyou mandara@“¶ŽqŒo™Ö䶗…
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
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A variety of *besson mandara •Ê‘¸™Ö䶗… (a form of mandara centered on a particular deity) used when performing the doujikyou-bou “¶ŽqŒo–@, an esoteric rite for eliminating children's phobias and illness . It is based on the GOSHODOUJI DARANIKYOU Œì”“¶Žq‘É—…“òŒo, also abbreviated to DOUJIKYOU “¶ŽqŒo, and a related ritual manual called the DOUJIKYOU NENJUHOU “¶ŽqŒo”Oæu–@, whence its name, but because these texts do not describe it in any detail, a number of different versions of this *mandara ™Ö䶗… have evolved. A celestial being called *Kendatsuba Š£è’”k (Sk:gandharva), regarded as the tutelary deity of children, is depicted in the center surrounded by 15 demons in the form of birds, animals, etc., that are listed in the DOUJIKYOU and believed to inflict harm on children. The kendatsuba is clad in armour, and he is often depicted either holding a halberd piercing the freshly severed heads of the 15 demons or trussing up the demons with a rope, thus symbolizing his subjugation of them . Examples of this mandara include those kept at Kanchi-in ŠÏ’q‰@ (Kyoto) an Chishaku-in ’qÏ‰@ (Kyoto). Iconographical manuals also describe a version of this mandara centered on *Fudou Myouou •s“®–¾‰¤, but actual examples are rare .
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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