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dotou@“y“ƒ
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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Also called tsuchi-no-tou “y‚Μ“ƒ or dantou ’i“ƒ. Lit. earthen pagoda. Dantou means stepped pagoda. A pagoda-like form made by piling up soil in steps. Those still extant look like small hills surrounded by a thick stand of trees, like ancient tombs, for which they are easily mistaken. Several mounds exist but even the zutou “ͺ“ƒ (head pagoda) another type of earthen pagoda, is not in its original condition. The name zutou is derived from the legend of a Buddhist priest, Genbou ŒΊν΅ (?-746) from Kanzeonji ŠΟ’‰ΉŽ› in Fukuoka prefecture who lost his head falling to the earth where the Nara Dotou now exists. As stated in the TOUDAIJI YOUROKU “Œ‘εŽ›—v˜^, a dotou was built by the high priest, Jitchuu Žΐ’‰ at Toudaiji Nigatsudou “Œ‘εŽ›“ρŒŽ“°, Nara in 767. The dotou is 24‡u and has seven stone Buddhas positioned around it. The second step is reconstructed to 18‡u with three stone Buddhas, the third layer measures 12‡u with one stone Buddha, the fourth measures 6‡u and has two Buddhas arranged on it, and the top layer has a five-storied pagoda *gorintou Œά—Φ“ƒ, made of five stones: a square base stone, a round or bottle shaped stone, a square stone with a pyramidal roof *hougyou-zukuri •σŒ`‘’, and an onion-shaped, teardrop stone *houju •σŽμ, at the top. It appears that walkways once surrounded each layer. Further examples of remains include: Oonoji Dotou ‘ε–μŽ›“y“ƒ (Heian period) in Osaka; Katsuodera Hatten Ishigura Ÿ”φŽ›”ͺ“VΞ‘  (Heian period) in Osaka; Kumayama Kaidan ŒFŽR‰ϊ’d (Nara period) in Okayama prefecture, and Musashi Kokubun niji Dotou •‘ ‘•ͺ“ςŽ›“y“ƒ (Nara period) in Tokyo.
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