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chousenshiki yamajiro@’©‘NŽ®ŽRé
KEY WORD :@architecture / castles
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Lit. Korean type mountain castle. A general term for castle structures in Japan that resemble those in ancient Korea. Representative examples include: the so-called sacred stones *kougo-ishi _˜UÎ, in northern Kyuushuu ‹ãB and western Honshuu –{B and Shikoku Žl‘ ; the mountain castle at Kourasan ‚—ÇŽR Fukuoka prefecture; the ruined mountain castle Kiyamajou éŽRé in Kagawa prefecture; Oonojou ‘å–ìé in Fukuoka prefecture which was constructed for the defense of Dazaifu ‘åÉ•{ (665); Kiijou Šîãåé in Saga prefecture; and Idojou œ}“yé in Fukuoka prefecture, completed in 768. Oonojou and Kiijou both are to have been constructed with the advice of Korean (Paekche, Jp: Kudara •SÏ) experts because both are similar to sites found in various parts of the Korean peninsula. All these fortifications are characterized by earthen embankments which served as walls and stone work employed at strategic points, such as entrances. In the case of Oonojou, the embankment extended for a length exceeding nine kilometers. It measured 8m wide at its base and 2m high. In ancient Korea, castles functioned as secure shelter for troops and civilians to escape to in time of emergency. In Japan, Korean type castles seem to have continued this tradition because the remains of storehouses have been located within their walls.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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