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Chotou@’–“ª
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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Ch: Zhutou.@A painting subject depicting the Northern Song dynasty eccentric priest Zhimeng (Jp: Shimou Žu–Ö). He was known as Chotou Oshou ’–“ª˜a® (Ch: Zhutou Heshang; Boar's Head Priest), because of his predilection for walking through town carrying the severed head of a boar which he was fond of eating. His family name was Xu ™ and he lived in Wuzhou, present day Jinhua ‹à‰Ø. In painting he is usually depicted wearing ragged clothes and carrying the boar's head. By some reports Chotou was able to fly, and occasionally he is depicted in mid-air. The fact of his eating meat, flaunting the vegetarian Buddhist diet, has caused Chotou to be associated with the priest *Kensu Œ¥Žq, who was fond of shellfish. The image of Chotou came to be worshipped for protection against drought and flood. Chinese paintings of the subject include works attributed to Liang Kai (Jp: Ryoukai —Àž²) and Muqi (Jp: Mokkei –qæ®). Japanese examples include paintings by the Kanou school *Kanouha Žë–ì”h and a screen painting *fusuma-e ‰¦ŠG, in Daitokuji Shinjuan ‘å“¿Ž›^ŽìˆÁ by Hasegawa Touhaku ’·’Jì“™”Œ (1539-1610), Kyoto.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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