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chigomune@’tŽ™“
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms
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An offspring ridge. The shorter and outer of the two corner ridges which descend along the line of the adjoining surfaces that form the hip line on a hip-and-gable roof *irimoya yane “ü•ê‰®‰®ª, hip roof *yosemune yane Šñ“‰®ª or pyramidal roof *hougyou yane •óŒ`‰®ª. The long main section of the corner ridge *sumikudarimune ‹÷~“ terminates with either an ogre-face tile *onigawara ‹SŠ¢ or a lion-mouth tile *shishiguchi Ž‚ŽqŒû called the second ogre-face tile ni-no-oni “ñ‚Ì‹S. Extending from this, almost to the end of the corner eaves, is the offspring ridge, which is also finished with a terminating tile referred to as the first ogre-faced tile *ichi-no-oni ˆê‚Ì‹S. In the 8c - 12c., the offspring ridges were considerably shorter than the main descending ridge and were also lower because they had fewer layers of stacked tiles *noshigawara à‘“lŠ¢. The@first ogre-faced tile was also smaller and narrower than the second. It is assumed that when double eaves *futanoki “ñŒ¬ were constructed, the offspring ridge was made to fill the gap left between the end of the descending corner ridge and the end of the corner of the roof itself. Before the invention of the hidden roof *noyane –쉮ª, the roof and the corner ridges were relatively low with gentle curves. Examples can be seen on the multiple pagoda roofs such as Daigoji *Gojuu-no-tou ‘çŒíŽ›ŒÜd“ƒ (952) in Kyoto; Houryuuji *Daikoudou –@—²Ž›‘åu“°, (reconstructed 990) in Nara; and Himejijou •P˜Hé Daitenshu ‘å“VŽç (1608), Shoutenshu ¬“VŽç (1602-11) in Hyougo prefecture.
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a) chigomune ’tŽ™“@b) *sumikudarimune ‹÷~“
Houryuuji Daikoudou –@—²Ž›‘åu“° (Nara)

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REFERENCES:
*kudarimune ~“
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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