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butsugan@•§êœ
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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Also gan êœ. A niche carved out of a wall for the purpose of installing a Buddhist image, or a miniature Buddhist shrine *butsudan •§’d, *zushi ~Žq. The butsugan originated in Indian and Chinese cave temples, where alcoves containing statues were carved out of the rock surface. Different names are used according to the shape of the niche: the senkyougan ëiêœ has a pointed arch; the bikyougan ‚ѝiêœ has a lintel; and the yakatagan ‰®Œ`êœ is house-shaped. In Japan the term butsugan also refers to small shrines of stone or wood, made for private worship, called butsudan or zushi. They conserve the form of the cave butsugan; a niche containing a statue *ganzou ꜑œ, carved in relief.
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NOTES
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