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Asuka jidai@”ò’¹Žž‘ã
KEY WORD :@art history / general terms
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The Asuka period (538/552-645). So called because the capital of the new Yamato ‘å˜a region was located in the Asuka district, part of modern Nara prefecture. Between 530 and 680, Buddhism was introduced to Japan. Around the same time, literacy spread, a literate bureaucracy formed, advanced technologies in architecture and specialized knowledge in engineering introduced. Furthermore, there were developments in politics and religion. During this time, extensive histories were composed, including the K0JIKI ŒÃŽ–‹L (Record of Ancient Matters) and NIHONSHOKI “ú–{‘‹I, although they were disseminated after the end of the period. Buddhist culture flourished during the reign of the Empress Suiko „ŒÃ (r. 592 - 628) with the assistance of Prince Shoutoku (as detailed in the Shoutoku Taishi den ¹“¿‘¾Žq“`). Thus, the period also is known as the Suiko period *Suiko jidai „ŒÃŽž‘ã. The Asuka period ends with Taika-no-kaishin ‘剻‚̉üV (the Taika Reform), a coup that displaced the usurping Soga ‘h‰ä family and restored imperial supremacy. After the Taika Reform, the capital was moved to Naniwa ˜Q‘¬ (also written “ï”g) in modern Osaka. The year 646 is sometimes cited by political scholars as the end of the Asuka period, for in that year the Taika Reform edicts brought sweeping changes in government. Culturally, however, the immense changes brought by Buddhism clearly signify the beginning of a new and important period of Japanese history, the first in which contemporary events were recorded.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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