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Annamiyou@l
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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A style of Buddhist statuary originated by Kaikei c (mid 12-13c), a devout believer in the Pure Land sect, Joudokyou y, and his followers. In the strictest sense, the term refers to most of Kaikei's early works, which he produced from around 1192 until he received the rank of hokkyou @ in 1203 (see *soui m). He signed the works An-amidabutsu ɕ or alliterated Annamidabutsu using 'an' in bongo , or modified Sanskrit, or rarely with an plus Amidabutsu (see *Amida ). The sculpture of Amida nyorai ɔ@ at the Shunjoudou r擰 of Toudaiji 厛 in Nara displays the characteristics of this early style: beautifully proportioned face, moderately fleshy body, and elegantly ordered drapery. The term Annamiyou, however, usually is used more widely to include all Kaikei's works whatever their signature ,including later works. In Kaikei's later works, the figures become slightly more elongated, as the drapery becomes more complicated and elegant. The sculpture of Amida nyorai at the Saihouin @ of Toushoudaiji in Nara is a representative work that shows this stylistic transition. Kaikei's style was carried on and developed by his followers, the most important of whom were Gyoukai s, and later Choukai and Eikai h. The style became increasingly stereotyped. By the Edo period, the term Annamiyou appears in documents seemingly to describe contemporary images (particularly of *nyorai @ and *bosatsu F) in the tradition of Kaikei and his followers.
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