karyoubinga 迦陵頻伽
KEY WORD : art history / iconography
Sk. kalavinka. Originally a sparrow-like bird that lived in the snowy mountains of the Himalaya range, reputed to possess a melodious voice. Later sutras state that it lived in the paradise gokuraku 極楽 of *Amida 阿弥陀 Buddha. In pictorial representations, the karyoubinga has the head of a bodhisattva *bosatsu 菩薩 and the winged body of a bird. Its tail resembles the tail of a phoenix *houou 鳳凰. Typically it holds a musical instrument. In Japanese art, the karyoubinga is found in a variety of forms: cast in low-relief on pendant discs, keman 華鬘 used for architectural decoration, printed on priest's robes; painted on ceiling and wall panels, or on paintings of Pure Land paradise *joudo hensou 浄土変相. It is sometimes associated with Garuda, the Hindu bird deity and vehicle of Siva which was adopted into Buddhist lore.


(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. No reproduction or republication without written permission.