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jimotsu@Ž•¨
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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Also read jibutsu. Sk: lakasana. The hand-held attributes of a Buddhist image. Along with the mudra *in ˆó, hand-held attributes help identify a particular image, its character and role. However, many attributes are used by more than one image and each deity is not always consistent in its possession of a certain attribute. Records of the deities with their various jimotsu exist in *giki ‹V‹O (ritual manuals), and *ZUZOUSHOU }‘œ´ (Iconographic compendia). Some of the oldest Japanese examples of these iconographic records include the *KAKUZENSHOU Šo‘Tçâ (Compilation of Kakuzen), and the *BESSON ZAKKI •Ê‘¸ŽG‹L (Miscellaneous notes on individual deities), compiled from the late 12c to early 13c, which provide illustrations of most of the Buddhist deities with their attributes. Well-known examples of jimotsu include: the yakuko –ò’Ù (medicine jar) of *Yakushi –òŽt, the healing Buddha; the *shakujou Žàñ (pilgrim's staff) of *Jizou ’n‘ ; the *kenjaku 㮍õ (snaring rope) of *Fudou Myouou •s“®–¾‰¤; the *houju •óŽì (wish-granting jewel) of *Kichijouten ‹gË“V; the biwa ”ú”i (lute-like instrument) of *Benzaiten •Ùà“V; and the various weapons used for the protection of Buddhism by the *shitennou Žl“V‰¤. *Senju Kannon çŽèŠÏ‰¹ is usually represented with 42 arms and almost every hand holds an important Buddhist symbol. The attributes include *houbyou •ó•r (vase), juzu ”Žì (rosary), *kebutsu ‰»•§ (miniature Buddha), *houra –@—† (shell), houkyuu •ó‹| (bow), kyuuden ‹{“a (palace), goshikiun ŒÜF‰_ (five-colored clouds), dokuro é‘é (skull), renge ˜@‰Ø (lotus), *hossu •¥Žq (fly-whisk), kohei ŒÓ•r (Persian vase or bird-headed vase), *houkyou •ó⸠(sutra box), *kongousho ‹à„‹n (vajra), teppu “S•€ (iron axe), budou •’“¸ (grapes), youryuu —k–ö (willow), among others. Aside from the purely symbolic meaning, each attribute functions to help the worshipper. For example, in the context of Senju Kannon, the youryuu helps to remove illness, the hossu removes hinderances, and the kohei helps to attain harmony.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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